THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE REGIME AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Laura Prado de Avila
Leonardo de Camargo Subtil
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The right to life, to health, to social and personal security, to adequate food and housing. These are rights expressly listed in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the 1996 United Nations Covenants on Human Rights, which find themselves threatened by the consequences of an emergent climate crisis. Occasioned mainly by GHG (Greenhouse Gases) emissions, global warming generates the radicalization of climate events. It increases the sea’s level rise and causes ecosystems changes, problem that turn to be categorized by Lavanya Rajamani as “the issue of our age”. In this regard, it’s measured that about 150.000/year of premature deaths are related to the climate crisis. Also, it is estimated that over 150 million people may need territorial reallocation until 2050, due to these impacts. This scientific contribution seeks to answer to the following research question: How the relationship between the International Climate Change Regime and Human Rights is established in international society? This scientific contribution is inserted in the Research Project called “International Climate Change Law in Brazil: between obligations, responsibilities and socioeconomic potentials”, belonging to the Research Group Direito Ambiental Crítico (DAC). The main objective of this research is to understand the relationship between the International Climate Change Regime and Human Rights, while the specifics goals comprise: a) Analyze the legal-normative instruments of International Climate Change Regime related to Human Rights; b) Collect data directly related to climate crisis’ impacts on Human Rights; and c) Outline the main violations of Human Rights caused by the climate crisis. On methodology issues, the conceptual-analytic method was the study’s choice, starting from the analysis of the International Climate Change Regime and its relationship with Human Rights. The reasearch’s technique was exploratory and bibliographic, with emphasis on international documents, specialized books and data collection in national and international organizations’s databases. Concerning the results, although merely preliminary, they are capable of indicating that climate change impacts directly and negatively on Human Rights effectiveness.
Internacional Climate Change Regime, Human Rights, Climate Crises